Mythology & History

Mythology & History

The mythological references to the island of Milos are minimal. The island is mentioned in works of ancient authors using various names such as: Paper, Gorgris, Mimallis, Akita, Zephyr.

Because of the fact that the statue of Aphrodite was found on the island, there is the myth of worshiping the goddess and her relationship with Milos.

Milos was an important center even before the Minoan era, because of the volcanic ground and especially obsidian (a black, hard, volcanic rock that was used to manufacture weapons and tools). Of course because of its position, Milos was  significantly influenced by the Minoan civilization. We know that with the descent of the Dorians, Klima was built around 1.100 BC.

Milos is closely linked with Greece. In the Persian wars the Milonians fought in favor of the Athenians. They participated in the battle of Salamis (480 BC) and in the battle of Plataea (479 BC), while in the Peloponnesian war they wanted to keep a neutral stance.

In the year 311 AD Milos, like all the Cyclades, passed into the Macedonians, a time when the island flourishes, economically and in the arts. Milos later falls into Romans and afterwards into Byzantine hands. During the early Christian times, the island inhabits a lots of Jews, which is why Christianity could spread relatively quickly. The famous catacombs of Milos are from this era.

During the Frankish domination, Marco Sanudo captured the island of Milos and in 1207 joined it with the Duchy of Naxos.

In 1537 Milos was conquered by the pirate Barbarossa and in 1566 it was passed by the Venetians to the Turks. Throughout the Ottoman occupation, Milos was a pirate base.


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